Avian Influenza H5N8/H5N6 in White-tailed Eagles 2016-2018

A White-tailed Eagle Database Project

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Re: Avian Influenza H5N8 in White-tailed Eagles 2016/2017

Post by maertha » March 10th, 2017, 5:47 pm

Germany
  • 1WtE
  • District Mecklenburgische Seenplatte, Feldberger Seenlandschaft
  • According to the source, H5N8 confirmed
  • Source: Ministry of Agriculture and the Environment, Schwerin 16 February 2017, text published on the Hanse Radio Website http://www.svr-hanseradio.de/nachrichte ... in-mv.html

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Post by maertha » March 10th, 2017, 5:54 pm

Germany - two cases, not yet confirmed

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Post by maertha » March 16th, 2017, 7:43 pm

Germany

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Post by maertha » March 24th, 2017, 5:15 pm

Denmark
  • 1 WtE
  • Found 02 January 2017 near Skjern (Jutland peninsula, west coast) https://goo.gl/maps/qWvN55di2eC2
  • H5N8 confirmed 24 March 2017. Journal # 17-03972-01 http://fvst.gis34.dk/
    Update, 3 May 2017 (via CIDRAP): OIE Follow-up report No. 2, received on 02/05/2017 from Dr Per Starcke Henriksen, Chief Veterinary Officer, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Glostrup, Denmark: “On January 2nd, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead in Dejbjerg Plantage. On March 24th, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the eagle.” http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=23664

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 7:52 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 7:53 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 7:54 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 7:55 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 8:31 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 5th, 2017, 9:05 pm

Denmark

According to the just released Eagle Project Report 2016, the Danish Ornithological Society (DOF) was at the end of the year aware of eight sea eagles which showed symptoms of avian influenza and were found dead or dying. One of them was an adult bird, a part of a breeding pair from South Zealand. Apparently the Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) refused to examine all of the raptors in order to prevent the spread of the infection. Four of the dead eagles were tested positive for H5N8. Kim Skelmose, leader of the DOF Eagle Project, assumes that quite likely more White-tailed Eagles in Denmark have died, but were not found/reported. Read more (PDF in Danish): Årsrapport 2016, Projekt Ørn, DOF https://www.dof.dk/naturbeskyttelse/art ... orter-orne

DVFA provides an app to report dead birds. Info here https://www.foedevarestyrelsen.dk/Leksi ... a_App.aspx

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Post by maertha » April 12th, 2017, 5:24 pm

Denmark
  • 1WtE, found 04 April 2017
  • Æbelø island, North Funen https://goo.gl/maps/YpabyioD2UA2
  • Received by the laboratory: 11 April 2017, Journal #17-05080-01. Source: Danish Veterinary and Food Administration (DVFA) http://fvst.gis34.dk/
  • Update, 19 April 2017: H5N8 confirmed
    Update, 3 May 2017 (via CIDRAP): OIE Follow-up report No. 2, received on 02/05/2017 from Dr Per Starcke Henriksen, Chief Veterinary Officer, Danish Veterinary and Food Administration, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Fisheries, Glostrup, Denmark: “On April 4th, a white-tailed eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead on Æbelø. On April 19th, the national veterinary institute confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza virus (H5N8) in the samples from the eagle.” http://www.oie.int/wahis_2/public/wahid ... rtid=23664

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Post by maertha » April 12th, 2017, 5:25 pm

Sweden

List: H5N8 in Swedish raptors (as of 7 April 2017). Swedish National Veterinary Institute/Lantbrukets Affärstidning http://www.atl.nu/lantbruk/viktigt-att- ... -tamfagel/

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Post by maertha » April 12th, 2017, 5:26 pm

Finland

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Post by maertha » April 25th, 2017, 7:20 pm

Sweden

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Post by maertha » April 26th, 2017, 5:59 pm

Finland

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Post by maertha » October 27th, 2017, 5:33 pm

Overview: H5N8 in White-tailed Eagles in Europe October 2016 - July 2017

“Mortality of wild birds from HPAIV subtypes H5N5 and A(H5N8), based on cumulative reports to OIE from 1 October 2016 to 5 July 2017. Only virus-positive dead birds that were identified to species are included. These data show minor differences from those in ADNS and MS reports to the EURL.”
  • Number of virus-positive dead birds (White-tailed Eagle): 28
  • Number of countries reporting virus-positive dead birds (WtE): 4
Source: ECDC/EFSA joint report: Avian influenza overview October 2016–August 2017, published 16 October 2017. Table A.3, page 76 https://ecdc.europa.eu/en/publications- ... ugust-2017

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Post by maertha » November 14th, 2017, 5:36 pm

H5N8 in White-tailed Eagles in Denmark

According to Kim Skelmose, leader of DOF´s Projekt Ørn, there is almost no doubt that not all eagles which died from bird flu were found. Skelmose estimates that at least 20-40 White-tailed Eagles were killed by the H5N8 strain in Denmark. This assumption is based on the significant decline of the country´s WtE population - the first in two decades. During the 2017 season 62 breeding pairs raised about 98 young, whilst 83 pairs raised 123 or more young last year.

In the eastern part of the country, where the greatest numbers of nesting territories are found, at least 17 White-tailed Eagles were found dead in 2016. In 12 of these cases H5N8 has been confirmed as the cause of death by the National Veterinary Institute.

Source: Dansk Ornitologisk Forening (DOF), 13 November 2017 http://www.dof.dk/om-dof/nyheder?nyhed_id=1606
Projekt Ørn https://www.dof.dk/naturbeskyttelse/arter/orne
Update: Eagle Winter Count, January 2018 https://www.dof.dk/om-dof/nyheder?nyhed_id=1626

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Post by maertha » February 2nd, 2018, 5:56 pm

Latest Developments

An emerging reassortant H5N6 highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) virus has been circulating in wild birds in NW Europe in the past few weeks (Defra, 2018). According to Defra, this is a new virus which is causing dieoffs but high mortality is not observed in Europe this year, whereas it was for H5N8 HPAI in 2016/2017. Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs (Defra). Situation Assessment Findings of H5N6 HPAI in wild birds, 30th January 2018 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/s ... 180130.pdf

The virus is a reassortant between H5N8 HPAI circulating in Europe and a European N6. OIE Follow-up report No.3, UK, 23 January 2018 http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in- ... enza/2018/

Overview: Avian influenza H5N8 2016/2017 – H5N6 2017/2018

During the winter and spring of 2016-2017 the most significant epizootic across Europe of highly pathogenic avian influenza (HPAI) occurred, eventually affecting 26 of the 28 member states as well as non-EU countries, from Europe to Asia and Africa. The virus concerned, H5N8 HPAI was detected in multiple species of wild birds, in particular wild waterfowl, causing large die-offs. Most poultry species showed some clinical signs, with Galliforme species being the most affected, where high mortality rates were reported. For a full over-view of the situation in the EU, see the EFSA opinions (EFSA 2017a & b).

In Asia, several strains of H5 virus are circulating in wild birds and poultry and these were being monitored closely, with an expectation that the wild bird migration routes may bring such viruses to Europe within a matter of months, during the migration season. This pattern has been repeated over several years and the strains of most concern were viruses from the clade 2.3.4.4 which were reported as spreading rapidly around Asia. In February 2017 there was a single incursion in Europe of H5N6 HPAI in a backyard farm of just 60 poultry; no further cases were reported and the virus was not related to the zoonotic strains in Asia (EFSA Panel, 2017). The arrival of H5N6 HPAI in NW Europe in December 2017 was therefore anticipated. (…)

In December 2017, the Netherlands reported a new strain of H5N6 HPAI in a duck fattening farm in Flevoland; several cases in wild birds (mute swans, Cygnus olor) in the same region and cases in captive birds at a single site (mallard ducks, mute swans, greylag geese and guinea fowl) were reported in the following days. In late December / early January two further cases in wild birds were reported, one in southern Germany and one in west Switzerland. In January 2018, three mute swans were found dead and tested positive for H5N6 HPAI in Dorset, on the South coast of England and initial analysis confirms this virus has the same characteristics as the Netherlands strain. Rapid Risk Assessment on the finding of H5N6 HPAI in wild birds in Dorset, January 2018 https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/s ... u-h5n6.pdf
Copyright Information http://www.nationalarchives.gov.uk/doc/ ... version/3/


See also: Updates, current numbers: Defra Reports 4 November 2016 - 2018 https://www.gov.uk/government/publicati ... -in-europe

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Post by maertha » February 7th, 2018, 7:07 pm

+++ First confirmed case of avian influenza H5N6 in White-tailed Eagles/first known case of avian influenza in White-tailed Eagles in the UK and Ireland +++

Ireland
  • 1WtE found dead on 31 January 2018
  • County Tipperary (near Lough Derg) https://goo.gl/maps/McC91FXWfUB2
  • H5N6 confirmed by the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. Press release, 6 February 2018 https://www.agriculture.gov.ie/press/pr ... 78,en.html
    Update: 9 February 2018 https://www.agriculture.gov.ie/press/pr ... 66,en.html
  • Update: OIE Report. “The OIE received the information on 09/02/2018 from Dr Martin Blake, Chief Veterinary Officer, Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine, Agriculture House, Dublin, Ireland. (…) On 31st January 2018 a white tailed sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla) was found dead near Lough Derg, Co. Tipperary in an area known to be frequented by migratory waterbirds. (…) On 5th February 2018 the Irish Central Veterinary Research Laboratory confirmed the presence of avian influenza subtype H5N6 in samples taken from the white tailed eagle. On 8th February 2018 sequencing results confirmed highly pathogenic avian influenza H5N6.” http://www.oie.int/en/animal-health-in- ... enza/2018/
  • Additional information: According to the Golden Eagle Trust, satellite data shows that the Irish born WtE had not left Ireland and spent the last few month inside Munster and County Galway.
  • Update: Defra Report. “The bird had been part of a re-introduction project and its tracking data suggests that it had been in the immediate area where it was found dead since 23 January. This area holds large numbers of waterbirds (wildfowl and waders) in winter. The dead eagle was a juvenile female hatched at a nest near Mountshannon, Co. Clare, in July 2017.” 14th February 2018 (Version 2) https://www.gov.uk/government/publicati ... -in-europe
  • Update, 2 March 2018: Details on the dead eagle, called “Shannon”. http://clarechampion.ie/sea-eagle-confi ... avian-flu/

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Post by maertha » February 21st, 2018, 5:51 pm

+++ White-tailed Eagle first case of H5N6 in Sweden ++++

Sweden
  • 1 WtE
  • According to Radio Sweden and Swedish newspapers articles, the young bird was found on the ground end of January in Blekinge County near Eriksberg https://goo.gl/maps/ekrgEhKb4CD2. After a failed attempt to release the bird into the wild, it was taken to a wildlife rescue centre (Katastrofhjälp fåglar och vilt, Bromölla), where it died on 1 February 2018. The eagle's body was sent to the Swedish National Veterinary Institute for a necropsy to determine the cause of death.
    Sources: See Database/WtE in the Media 2018/doc. #12: Young White-tailed Eagle dies in wildlife rescue centre. viewtopic.php?f=46&t=908
  • H5N6 confirmed by Swedish National Veterinary Institute. Press release, 21 February 2018 http://www.sva.se/om-sva/pressrum/nyhet ... linfluensa
  • 23 February 2018: Added to the SVA map
  • Update: 13 March 2018. Second case of H5N6 in Sweden confirmed (common buzzard). Current situation, http://www.sva.se/smittlage/statsepizoo ... -2017-2018

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